By Malek Cook
Opinion – The compromise peace agreement of South Sudan which was signed under international pressures reluctantly with a lot of reservations between the warring parties SPLM-IG, SPLM-IO and other South Sudanese stakeholders’ civil society organizations and faith based groups on 17-26 August 2015 is in brink of collapse.
The entire South Sudanese citizens were longer for peace and their hopes and expectations rely on the implementation of the signed pact because they are the one paying the higher prices for these 25 months of civil war. With the coming of SPLM-IO advance to Juba on 21 December 2015, the moods of people change from brunt of war time to restoration of peace.
The committees of transitional constitution review were moving on well for the implementation of the compromise peace agreement in accordance to what previously agreed and signed by two principal of warring parties till they met deadlock on 28 states a unilateral decision taken by government by splitting the existing 10 states into 28 states in the pretext of what they called popular demand of South Sudanese citizens. If it was popular demand as they put it, why they don’t referred it to South Sudan transitional national assembly to be debated by legislatures (Laws makers) who are representing the voice of people and seek the consent of people through referendum.
The master minders behind the creation of 28 states is blamed on tribal organization called Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) who are seen to be the rulers of South Sudan using an iron fist and working hard for dinkanization project to dominate and assimilate the other tribes by geographical expansion, mechanical majority in the national parliament by expending states representation.
The idea of Dinkanization is copy and paste of Arabization and Islamization policies of Sudan to convert pro-African South Sudanese into Arabo- Islamic culture, these policies was resisted and fought by indigenous South Sudanese nationals by both Anya-Anya wars to SPLM/SPLA which led to the birth of the Republic of South Sudan. Such a similar unachievable project couldn’t be repeated by those who tested its bitterness.
In the same token, the dinkanization will be resisted and fought by 63 tribes of South Sudan as the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) ill intention to create and setting the country into blaze in resulted in the current civil unrest to create social vacuum in denying other ethnicities to share in the national cake. That divide and rule politics couldn’t be tolerated and condoned where only one ethnic group dominate the South Sudan political sphere, economic, social and cultural aspects.
One is wondering, why the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission didn’t involve in resolving the issue of 28 states referring it to two warring parties to discuss and negotiate on it while continue with implementation of the rest of protocols agreed in compromise peace agreement when their roles are clearly defined in compromise peace agreement chapter V11 (3) that the JMEC shall be responsible for monitoring and overseeing the implementation of the Agreement and the mandate and task of the TGoNU including the adherence of the parties to the agreed timeline and implementation schedule. In case of non-implementation of the mandate and the task of the TGoNU, or other serious deficiencies, the JMEC shall recommend appropriate corrective action to the TGoNU.
There is need of immediate solution to revert the looming collapse of compromise peace Agreement to leave the self-ego and the Arab proverb that goes “To hell with me and my enemy” in order to get back into the peace track because all the indicators of peace to prevail in light of 28 states are very minimal, unless the government think twice and revoke it unilateral decision, otherwise the country will transit to the state of anarchy where the armed ones loot/rob the vulnerable ones as started by unknown gun Men in Juba by terrorizing the innocent civilian. Losing the sovereignty of South Sudan to the foreigners will not be good idea because their intentions might be different as seen in other countries. Exploitation of our country resources will top up the list.
Therefore, we must put our house in order before inviting somebody to fix it for us.
The Author is concern South Sudanese Citizen and media commentator, reachable at firstname.lastname@example.org